FIELD CRICKET

PEST DATA:
Color: Brown / black
Legs: 6
Shape: Long
Size: 3/4″ – 7/8″
Region: Entire US

HABITS:
Males rub their hind legs together making a loud chirping sound when trying to attract a mate.

HABITAT:
Crickets feed on other insects whether living or dead. They will also feed on items with a high protein content such as fabrics, wool, silk, and carpeting. They are attracted to lights and will seek shelter in homes during colder weather.

THREATS:
Although crickets are not a health risk to humans, they can damage property by attacking fabrics.

PREVENTION:
Reduce areas of moisture and hiding places around your home.  Eliminate leaf piles, grass clippings and stacks of firewood.  Encapsulate damp basements and crawl spaces to reduce humidity.

MILLIPEDES

PEST DATA:
Color: Blackish or brownish, some red, orange or with mottled patterns.
Legs:
Shape: Long, worm-like
Size: 1/16″ – 4½ ”
Antennae: Yes
Region: Entire US

Millipedes usually have 30 or more pairs of legs, while one species has over 333 pairs of legs.

HABITS:
Millipedes usually feed at night on decaying plant matter and sometimes dead insects. During autumn, millipedes seek warmer conditions and migrate in large numbers.  Sometimes they enter buildings, basements and crawlspaces seeking shelter when it is excessively wet or dry outside.

HABITAT:
Millipedes are usually found in areas with high moisture and an abundance of organic matter including mulch, leaf litter, compost, boards, stones, flower pots.  It is difficult for millipedes to survive indoors unless there is high moisture and a food supply.

THREATS:
Some millipede species excrete a foul smelling fluid from pores along the sides of their body which can be toxic to small animals and pets.  It can cause small blisters on sensitive skin.

PREVENTION:
Reduce areas of moisture and hiding places around your home.  Eliminate leaf piles, grass clippings and stacks of firewood.  Encapsulate damp basements and crawl spaces to reduce humidity.

SILVERFISH

PEST DATA:
Color: Silver to brown
Legs: 6
Shape: Oval, elongated
Size: 1/2″
Antennae: Yes
Region: Entire US

Silverfish have a silvery-metallic, scaly, appearance and are wingless but can run quickly. They prefer cool, humid conditions and prefer to be hidden.

HABITS:
Silverfish are nocturnal and feed on stored foods such as flour, rice, wheat, oats, paper, glue, clothing and items containing protein and carbohydrates. Silverfish can survive up to a year without food.

HABITAT:
They require a moist, humid, poorly ventilated area such as bathrooms, basements, crawl space, and attics.

THREATS:
Silverfish have no direct harmful effect against humans or pets.  They are mainly a nuisance pest.  They can contaminate food and damage wallpaper and books.

PREVENTION:
Encapsulate damp basements and crawl spaces to reduce humidity.  Repair leaking pipes and drains. Repair moldy, wet wood.  Remove old books, magazines, newspapers, and cardboard boxes.  Keep dry-goods such as sugar, flour, and grains in tightly sealed plastic containers.

PILLBUG (ROLLIE POLLIES)

PEST DATA:
Color: Dark gray/brown to black
Legs: Seven pairs
Shape: Oval or round when curled up
Size: 3/4″
Antennae: Yes
Region: Entire US

Pillbugs, sometimes known as rollie-pollies, are the only crustacean that lives entirely on land.  Pillbugs have an oval shaped back with seven hard segmented plates and equal pairs of legs.

HABITS:
Pillbugs are primarily nocturnal and eat decaying vegetable material. They are known for their ability to roll into a ball for protection from predators.

HABITAT:
Pillbugs live in moist locations. They are found under damp objects or under organic debris.

THREATS:
Pillbugs do not spread diseases or invade food products. However, the pillbug is often considered a pest when it gains entry into a home.

PREVENTION:
Pillbugs live on moist, rotting organic matter and are unable to survive in dry areas.

LADYBUG (LADYBIRD BEETLE)

PEST DATA:
Color: Shades of yellow/orange to red/brown or shiny black with various markings including spots
Legs: 6
Shape: Oval/round
Size: 1/31″ – 3/8”
Antennae: Yes
Region: Entire US

Ladybugs, also known as lady beetles or ladybird beetles, are a highly beneficial group of insects, but some like the Asian lady beetle become a nuisance when they infest structures.

HABITS:
Ladybugs consume aphids and other sap feeders such as mealybugs, mites, and scale insects that harm crops and garden plants.

HABITAT:
Ladybug populations expand during the warm summer months because of the large aphid infestations that feed on young tender foliage.  During autumn and winter, adults hibernate in weather-protected places such as under leaf piles, rocks and landscape timbers. Asian lady beetles often shelter indoors near windows, walls, and attics.

THREATS:
Asian lady beetles aggravate asthma and cause allergic reactions in some individuals. They also emit a noxious odor and viscous yellow fluid which can stain objects that they come in contact with.

PREVENTION:
Seal cracks and openings by using a good quality silicone or latex caulk.  Replace or repair damaged screens on doors and windows. Use a vacuum cleaner to remove any insects that have already gained access to a building.

CENTIPEDES

PEST DATA:
Color: Yellow/brown with stripes
Legs: 15 – 177 pairs
Shape: Long, worm-like
Size: 1/8″ – 6”
Antennae: Yes
Region: Entire US

Centipedes can have from 15-177 odd numbered pairs of legs.

HABITS:
Centipedes are nocturnal and feed on dead insects, worms, crickets, termites, ants, flies, spiders, cockroaches and decaying plant matter. Sometimes they enter buildings, basements and crawlspaces seeking shelter when it is extremely wet or dry outside.

HABITAT:
They are usually found in areas of high moisture and it’s difficult for them to survive indoors unless there is high moisture and a food supply.

THREATS:
Some species have a painful bite.  While not usually dangerous some people may have an allergic reaction.

PREVENTION:
Reduce areas of moisture and hiding places around your home.  Eliminate leaf piles, grass clippings and stacks of firewood.  Encapsulate damp basements and crawl spaces to reduce humidity.

SPRINGTAILS

PEST DATA:
Color: Black
Legs: 6
Shape: Segmented, oblong
Size: 1/16″
Antennae: Yes
Region: Entire US

HABITS:
Springtails resemble fleas but have a unique looking head and a hump-back and are not a flea at all.  Snow fleas feed on decaying wood, plant matter, fungi, mold and algae.

HABITAT:
Snow fleas prefer damp rich soil near ponds, streams, damp basements and crawl spaces. They sometimes live in house plants.

THREATS:
Snow fleas do not survive in dry conditions and are not a threat to humans or pets.

PREVENTION:
Reduce areas of moisture and hiding places around your home.  Eliminate leaf piles, grass clippings and stacks of firewood.  Encapsulate damp basements and crawl spaces to reduce humidity.

EARWIG

PEST DATA:
Color: Dark brown
Legs: 6
Shape: Long, narrow
Size: 1″
Antennae: Yes
Region: Entire US

It’s purely a myth that earwigs crawl into people’s ears at night and tunnel into their brains. They are easily identified by their long pinchers at the back of their body.

HABITAT:
They are usually found in areas of high moisture.  It is difficult for them to survive indoors unless there is high moisture and a food supply.  They are nocturnal and feed on organic matter, leaves, flowers, fruits, mold and insects at night. They enter structures through through cracks and crevices.

THREATS:
Earwigs have a frightening appearance but are not a threat and do not spread diseases.

PREVENTION:
Reduce areas of moisture and hiding places around your home.  Eliminate leaf piles, grass clippings and stacks of firewood.  Encapsulate damp basements and crawl spaces to reduce humidity.

STINK BUG

PEST STATS:
Color: Brown/gray or dark green
Legs: 6
Shape: Triangular or shield
Size: 3/4″
Antennae: Yes
Region: Eastern US

HABITS:
When disturbed or crushed, stink bugs release a protective noxious odor from pores in their bodies.  Most species feed on plant juices but some drink the bodily fluids of caterpillars and other insects. They are active from spring until autumn.

HABITAT:
Stink bugs feed on plants and will lay their eggs in large masses underneath leaves. They are attracted to the lights of buildings.

THREATS:
Stink bugs do not bite. Use care when handling them to avoid contact with the odorous secretion. Some species will damage cotton plants and other crops.